Hydrogen Water: The Power of Minuscule Concentrations

Hydrogen Water: The Power of Minuscule Concentrations

Often, when discussing the health benefits of hydrogen water, many people raise concerns about the incredibly low concentrations of hydrogen gas in it, typically measuring in parts per billion (ppb). The general objection is this: how could such small quantities possibly make a significant impact on our bodies? However, this skepticism, albeit reasonable, may fail to take into account the potency of the active substance involved. In this article, we aim to break down this common misconception by providing real-world examples where minute quantities exert significant effects.

quora comment about hydrogen water

This screenshot from a discussion thread on Quora clearly shows how easily this misconception can take root, even among the educated populace. Now, let's delve into concrete examples.

Mosquito Bite: Small Injection, Big Impact

A mosquito bite is perhaps one of the most striking examples of the power of minuscule quantities. According to entomology studies, a female mosquito, the only one that bites, can inject as little as 0.001 to 0.01 milliliters of saliva into our skin when feeding on our blood1. Though barely visible, this minute quantity of saliva triggers a local immune response, causing itching and, in some cases, swelling. This is due to a cocktail of proteins and other substances in mosquito saliva designed to counteract blood clotting and vascular constriction. The end result, as we all know too well, is a red, itchy welt that can cause discomfort for several days.

mosquito bite

Poisonous Gases: Deadly in Parts Per Billion

A second powerful example is poisonous gases, which can be deadly even at parts per billion concentrations. Radon, an invisible, odorless radioactive gas, is a case in point. According to the United States Environmental Protection Agency (EPA), radon levels of 4 picoCuries per liter (pCi/L) or more – equivalent to a mere few parts per billion – pose significant health risks, including lung cancer. It is estimated that radon causes about 21,000 lung cancer deaths per year in the U.S., second only to smoking.


Pharmaceuticals: Micromolar Magic

In the world of pharmaceuticals, there is an array of drugs whose potency relies on tiny doses. For instance, a drug like digoxin, used for treating heart conditions, works in the nanomolar to micromolar range. To put that in perspective, a micromolar concentration equates to one molecule of the substance per one billion (1,000,000,000) molecules of solution. Yet, even at such minuscule doses, digoxin can significantly improve heart function.


The natural skepticism people have about the efficacy of hydrogen water due to the low concentration of hydrogen gas is understandable. After all, the concept of parts per billion is somewhat abstract and hard to fathom. However, as the examples above clearly illustrate – from the irritation caused by the tiny volume of mosquito saliva to the deadly effect of radon gas in the ppb range, to the potent action of pharmaceutical drugs in nanomolar to micromolar concentrations – it's evident that quantity is not always directly proportional to effect.

Science continues to explore the potential health benefits of hydrogen water. Although we can't yet definitively say that hydrogen water is a miracle elixir, it is inaccurate to dismiss its potential solely based on the low concentration of hydrogen. In the world of biology and chemistry, sometimes it is not the quantity, but the intrinsic power of a substance, that determines its impact.


  1. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2270708/

  2. https://www.epa.gov/radon

  3. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/books/NBK470561/